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In some circumstances, a Muslim is not able to fulfill his or her religious obligation to fast during the month of Ramadan, or may want to recompense for a broken oath. Fidiya and Kaffara are the two solutions offered that can help a Muslim compensate for not fasting or breaking other obligations-paying of Fidiya or Kaffara also benefits members of the community who live in impoverished conditions. The following answers are meant to provide a basic understanding of Fidiya and Kaffara, and were derived through the consultation of a council of imams who follow the Fiqh Council of North America. It is advised that you consult with your local imam or scholar for more detailed inquiries.
The Fidiya is a donation type within the Islamic tradition paid by individuals who cannot fulfill the obligation of fasting due to illness or old age or any other reasonable reason. Fidiya payments are meant to feed a miskeen (person in need) for each of the fasting days missed, and are equivalent to the price of one meal each for two people or two meals for one person. The estimated cost, on guidance from the Fiqh Council of North America, is $10 for each day missed or $300 for all 30 days of Ramadan. That price is based on the average cost of a basic meal throughout the country. Of course, if, on average, you spend more per meal, it is permissible to adjust the price accordingly. In addition, if the donor is from a low-income family, he or she should then care for the family's needs first before considering giving a separate Fidiya donation. Please click on DONATE NOW to pay your Fidiya online.
The Kaffara is also a donation type within the Islamic tradition that provides individuals who deliberately miss or break a day of fast during the month of Ramadan without a valid reason. According to Islamic guidelines, if a person misses a day of fasting unnecessarily, he or she should either fast for 60 consecutive days or feed 60 underprivileged people per day. The Kaffara of feeding sixty persons must be offered to distinct individuals and the estimated cost is $10 per person for 60 people, which equals $600 a day for each missed or broken-fast day. Please click on DONATE NOW to pay your Kaffara online.